The Kwiatek Clinic from Poznan offers computer diagnostics of temporomandibular joint disorders and supervision over therapy aimed at improving the quality of life by eliminating the discomfort associated with this disease.
The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) connect the jawbone to the temporal bone, which is part of the cranium. Between the jaw and the skull, there is an articular disc, whose task is to cushion the friction of bone against bone. The whole structure is stabilized by muscles and ligaments.
These are unique joints in our body, as they are the only ones that work simultaneously, meaning that the movement of the joint head on the right side is synchronized with the movement on the left side. This allows for proper jaw movements during speaking, eating, chewing, swallowing, or other activities.
Unfortunately, these are also joints that are exposed to high loads. Dental gaps on one side, untreated malocclusions, improperly growing "wisdom teeth", and injuries, even from the distant past, negatively affect the functioning of the temporomandibular joints, which results in the creation of asymmetry in the smile and the entire face.
Abnormalities within the temporomandibular joint may not cause any discomfort for years.
However, there may be symptoms that the patient does not immediately associate with a dental problem, such as:
Other symptoms indicating problems with the temporomandibular joints include:
Pain in the temporomandibular joints is much less common than muscle pain and has the characteristics of inflammatory pain. We feel it locally in the ear or just in front of it, especially during chewing or speaking.
Untreated dysfunctions of the temporomandibular joint have a significant impact on the comfort of life and health. In addition to the above symptoms, the consequences of TMJ disorders are:
The causes of disorders related to the temporomandibular joint can include:
The examination before temporomandibular joint treatment includes:
Based on the collected information, the doctor makes decisions about further treatment.
Cadiax – is a system for computer-aided diagnostics and functional analysis of the temporomandibular joint. The device records the mutual displacements of the maxilla - mandible system in three dimensions.
The analysis performed in our Clinic using the Cadiax device allows for the detection of any abnormal changes.
It involves a computer examination of the joint using special plates that record the movements made by the Patient during physiological activities such as: swallowing, speech, chewing, clenching teeth or grinding. In addition to detecting abnormalities, the doctor is also able to determine their scale. The examination is completely painless.
Together with a detailed medical interview and the analysis of X-ray images, it allows for the development of an individual treatment plan for the Patient.
Detecting pathology in the temporomandibular joint and implementing treatment, improves the quality of life of Patients.
It involves eliminating the causes and changing the habits that lead to dysfunction.
Depending on the case, it may be necessary to:
An essential element of the therapy for functional disorders of the masticatory system is the use of occlusal splints. At Kwiatek Clinic, we use RPP lingual splints, which relax the tension in the temporomandibular joint. They are made individually based on a dental impression. Regular check-ups are required every few weeks.